The beauty of Vietnamese culture – Hùng Kings’ death anniversary

The procession of the king

Hùng Kings’ death anniversary or Hùng Temple festival is a huge Vietnamese holiday. It is the traditional festival of the Kinh people commemorate Hung Kings’ services rendered to Vietnam. Held on the 10th of the third lunar  month  every year in Hùng Temple, Việt Trì City, Phú Thọ Province, it  attracts not only local people but also a lot of visitors from everwhere. The whole country is allowed to be off-work this day. mekong river cruises tripadvisor

A lot of people attend Hùng Kings’ death anniversary

A lot of people attend Hùng Kings’ death anniversary- source: internet

History

According to folk stories, Lạc Long Quân and Âu Cơ are regarded as the ancestors of the Vietnamese, the parents of the Hùng Kings. Hùng Kings’ period is a very important period in the history of the nation. This very period  established the foundation of the Vietnamese culture and patriotic tradition. Experienced 18 Hùng Kings’ reign with fierce historical events, the struggles against foreign aggression proved Vietnamese people’s patriotism and national unity.

10th day of the third lunar month remind Vietnamese people to worship Hùng Kings

10th day of the third lunar month remind Vietnamese people to worship Hùng Kings- source: internet

To show veneration of the Hùng Kings, the King Lê Kính Tông in 1601 chose the 11th and 12th day of the third lunar month to become death anniversary of Hùng Kings. In the Nguyễn Dynasty, the second year of Khải Định King, the king officially chose the 10th day of the third lunar month to memorize Hung Kings and remind the Vietnamese people worship their ancestors.

Sacrifice rite at festival of Hùng Kings’ death anniversary

The caravan of procession of  king will goes from the foot of the mountain to Thượng Temple to thurify then climb go to the mountain top.

The procession of the king

The procession of the king- source: internet

The sacrifice feast includes 18 Dày Cake (to 18 Hùng Kings) – 18 Chưng Cake (to 18th Hung King) – boiled chicken, forest black pork, betel, areca, alcohol and five kinds of fruit. Round Dày cake, symbolizing Heaven, usually has no interior. Square shaped cake, symbolizing the land, has saline interior. In addition, Hùng Temple Festival also hold many traditional games with old folk characteristics such as singing Xoan, wrestling, tug,…

18 big Chưng Cake and Dày Cake for 18 Hùng Kings

18 big Chưng Cake and Dày Cake for 18 Hùng Kings- source: internet

Hùng Temple

This is also an ideal time for visiting Hùng Temple. Hùng Temple relic includes a large architectural complex with many relics such as: Hạ Temple, Giếng Temple, Trung Temple, Thượng Temple and Hùng Kings’ Tomb. Contrary to the majesty of  Hùng Temple, Âu Cơ temple, lying under the banyan tree, has a tranquil, peaceful atmosphere. On the left is Loan Well, on the right is Phượng Well. The front is Giác Mount, the back is Hồng River. Come to Hùng Temple, travelers not only visit the historical and cultural monuments with unique sculptural designs but also feel wild, grandiose, picturesque sceneries of forest, mountains,…

Worshiping in Hùng Temple become intangible cultural heritage recognized by UNESCO

Worshiping in Hùng Temple become intangible cultural heritage recognized by UNESCO- source: internet

Hùng Temple was classified by the Ministry of Culture and Information as a special national monument in 1962. In December 2012, worshiping Hùng King in Phú Thọ was recognized by UNESCO as Intangible cultural heritage because many elements of the spiritual life of the Vietnamese people has existed for thousands of years.

This day is a traditional culture of the Vietnamese people; it’s not a show, not religious or superstitious. But it comes from the bottom of the heart of respect for  Vietnam motherland, with the soul of mountains and rivers… Despite thousands of years of history, with many ups and downs, Hùng Kings’ death anniversary strongly demonstrates that the tradition of remember and honor the origin, the hometown of Vietnamese never change.

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